Dual/Multiple citizenship: Which countries permit dual citizenship?

dual citizenships

A dual citizen is a citizen of more than one country at the same time. Most of the developed nations the world, freely allow their citizens to hold dual/multiple citizenships, yet you have to be careful that law in some countries provides for the automatic termination of its citizenship, if you acquire foreign citizenship. Some countries require a compulsory military service. Your citizenship by birth, marriage or naturalisation, may have a different effect on your dual citizenship status.  Dual citizenship usually allowed for children until they reach 18 years, by many countries, after which they are given a choice of one citizenship.  Some countries like Germany allow dual citizenship by birth, but forbid dual citizenship, when you naturalise.

Before going through detailed list, here are are quick summary of countries that do not allow dual citizenship. All other countries are liberal in accepting dual citizenship status.

  • Afghanistan
  • Andorra
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Bhutan
  • Brunei
  • Cameroon
  • China
  • Republic of Congo
  • Democratic Republic
    of Congo
  • Cuba
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kirbati
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Micronesia
  • Mongolia
  • Monaco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • North Korea
  • Qatar
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • San Marino
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • Suriname
  • Tanzania
  • Timor Leste
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turkmenistan
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Uzbekistan
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

I have compiled a detailed list of dual citizenship laws in over 200 countries:

Afghanistan:  Afghanistan does not recognize dual citizenship, however, a “former citizen of Afghanistan, who fled the country due to political instability or war and has acquired new citizenship, may still hold “unofficial” Afghan citizenship.  Persons concerned with dual citizenship should not assume their Afghan citizenship was lost by default. Embassy should be contacted and citizenship formally renounced.


Article 7 of the Law on Citizenship indicates that “[a]nyone who, according to the orders of this law, is citizen of the [Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan] can not hold a double citizenship position” (ibid. 2000).


Albania:  Albania allows the dual citizenship. Albanian citizens freely can apply the acquiring of another citizenship without losing the Albanian one. Foreigners also are not hindered to apply for the Albanian citizenship, without renouncing that of the country they originate.



Algeria: Algeria allows holding dual citizenships.



Andorra : Dual nationality forbidden under law.


Principle of prohibition of dual nationality:  Anyone acquiring or holding another nationality – even where the acquisition of Andorran nationality derives from previous provisions on the matter – forfeits Andorran nationality within the period and subject to the conditions provided for by law (Nationality Act, Part III).

On the contrary, Spain allows dual nationality with Andorra.


Angola: Dual or multiple nationalities allowed for Angolan citizens.



Antigua and Barbuda: Citizens of Antigua and Barbuda are allowed to hold dual/multiple nationalities, including those who buy citizenship under investment program. It is currently possible to get immediate citizenship in Antigua by paying $200,000 to the Government through their citizenship investment program.


Argentina: Argentina accepts dual citizenship as Argentine citizenship cannot be renounced. Therefore taking up citizenship in a foreign country, which requires renouncing argentinian citizenship may cause issues, which is why Argentina has signed up dual citizenship agreements with several countries.



Armenia: Armenian citizens are allowed to hold other citizenships at the same time. Armenian citizens receiving the citizenship of another country shall inform the authorized body of the Republic of Armenia Government, no later than one month thereafter. Failure to do so shall be subject to penalties as defined by law.



Australia: Australia allows its citizens to hold dual nationality. Prior to 4 April 2002, Australian citizens who became citizens of another country lost their Australian citizenship automatically.



Austria: Austrian Nationality Act does not allow dual citizenship except for persons who obtain two citizenships at the time they were born. Austrian citizen applying for foreign citizenship will automatically lose his/her Austrian citizenship upon obtaining foreign citizenship. Minor children born in wedlock usually also lose their Austrian citizenship. Austrian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement in the EU and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Exceptions: A person shall be permitted to maintain Austrian citizenship, if the maintenance is in the interest of the Republic of Austria, or if personal reasons are worth considering.Austrian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement in the EU and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan does not allow holding dual citizenships.  Loss of citizenship of the Republic of Azerbaijan, if a citizen of the Republic of Azerbaijan voluntarily acquires citizenship of another country;




Bahamas: Dual citizenship allowed in Bahamas only until 21 years age. After 21 years, dual citizenship is not allowed, holding a foreign citizenship will result in loss of Bahamian citizenship.




Bahrain: Bahrain does not allow or recognize dual citizenships in the country.



Bangladesh: Bangladesh nationals automatically lose citizenship, if they acquire citizenship in another foreign country. Hence dual citizenship not allowed. However those bangladesh citizens by birth and their children who got citizenship in foreign countries such as US, UK, Canada, Australia  etc must apply for a Dual Nationality Certificate (DNC).  Holding both bangladesh passport and foreign country passport is illegal.



Barbados: Dual citizenship is  allowed and recognized.


Belarus: Dual citizenship not allowed.

The citizenship of the Republic of Belarus is lost when a person acquires the citizenship of another country and there are no provisions to the contrary in international agreements of the Republic of Belarus

Belarus nationality law: http://www.uniset.ca/nold/bela_en.pdf

Belgium: Dual citizenship freely allowed without any objections


Since 28 April 2008, Belgian law permits all Belgian nationals to voluntarily obtain any other nationality without losing their Belgian nationality.  Belgian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Belize: Dual citizenship allowed but with restrictions such as: Citizen of Belize by registration shall cease to be a citizen of Belize if he voluntarily becomes a citizen of any other country. Citizens of Belize by descent who attains 19 years of age will lose Belize citizenship unless he/she forfeits foreign citizenship.

Belize nationality law: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b50ac.html

Benin: Dual citizenship allowed in Benin


Bhutan: Dual citizenship not allowed.

Citizens of Bhutan who acquires the citizenship of another country shall cease to be a citizen of Bhutan. The wife/husband and children of that person if they were Bhutanese citizens shall have the right to remain as citizens of Bhutan provided they are permanently domiciled in Bhutan and are registered annually in the Citizenship Register maintained by the Ministry of Home Affairs.


Bolivia: Bolivia permits dual citizenship. The constitution provides that Bolivians who acquire a foreign citizenship do not lose their Bolivian nationality. Bolivians who marry foreign citizens do not lose their original nationality. Neither is Bolivian nationality lost by acquiring foreign citizenship.


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Dual citizenship allowed. Section 2 of the nationality act states,  “A citizen of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina may also have a foreign citizenship (dual citizenship)”.


Botswana: Dual citizenship allowed until 21 years. Botswana citizens by birth, descent who are citizens of other countries holding dual citizenship are required to renounce to other citizenship upon attainment of age 21 years, according to Botswana Citizenship Law Citizenship requirements.

Failing to renounce citizenship at the age of 21 results in the loss of the Botswana citizenship as per section 15 of the Citizenship Act.  Loss of citizenship leads to loss of passport.

Brazil: Dual citizenship allowed in Brazil without restrictions since 1994. All Brazilian citizens must enter and leave Brazil with a Brazilian passport.


Brunei: Duall citizenship not allowed with exception for children born abroad to brunei parents, are allowed to have dual citizenship until age of 18.


Bulgaria: Bulgaria allows its citizens to hold foreign citizenship in addition to their Bulgarian citizenship.Bulgarian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Burkina Faso: Dual citizenships are not prohibited by law in Burkina Faso. Burkinabé citizens are permitted to hold dual or multiple citizenships.


Burundi: Burundians are entitled to have dual nationality.



Cabo Verde: Dual citizenship permitted


Cambodia: The Cambodian government recognizes dual citizenship for its citizens. Cambodia also has citizenship by investment: Any foreigner who has made a donation in cash, to the national budget of from 1,000,000,000 Riels or more, for the interest of restoration and rebuilding of economy of the Kingdom of Cambodia, may have right to file an application for Khmer nationality, in case when upon he/she has fulfilled the conditions as stated in the sub-paragraphs 1, 2, 5 and 6 of the article 8 of this law.


Cameroon: Dual citizenship not allowed.

Cameroon nationality is lost by Cameroon adult national who wilfully acquires or keeps a foreign nationality. A Cameroon woman marrying a foreigner shall retain her Cameroon nationality unless she expressly renounces it at the moment of marriage and in the manner prescribed by Sections 36 and following of this law.


Canada: Dual or multiple citizenship is legal in Canada. Canadians will not lose their Canadian citizenship by taking another nationality.


Central African Republic (CAR):  Central African Republic recognizes dual citizenship.


Chad: Citizenship laws of Chad, does not address dual citizenship.


Chile: New laws allow chileans to hold dual nationality. foreign citizen wanting to obtain Chilean citizenship is not required to renounce their citizenship of origin because Chile accepts dual nationality (Chile Sept. 2009, 9).


China: China does not recognize dual nationality. The Article 3 & Article 9 of that law declares Chinese nationals taking foreign citizenship, will automatically lose their Chinese citizenship


Colombia: Dual nationalities permitted.  Colombia law differentiates between nationality and citizenship but colombians can hold other nationalities. Colombian law requires that all Colombian nationals identify themselves as such by presenting a Colombian national ID card and a Colombian passport when entering the country.


Comoros: Many Comorosians hold french and comoros dual citizenships after independence in July 1975. There is recent news that one can buy comoros citizenship by paying $45,000.


Democratic Republic of the Congo: Dual citizenship is not recognized by the Democratic Republic of Congo. Children born abroad, who obtains the citizenship of the country of birth may retain dual citizenship until their 21st birthday.


Republic of the Congo: Congolese nationals cannot have double or dual citizenships.


Costa Rica: Costa Rica allows dual citizenship for its citizens.


Cote d’Ivoire: Côte d’Ivoire accepts dual citizenship


Croatia: The Republic of Croatia recognizes dual citizenship.  Article 2 of the Law on Croatian Citizenship regulates the exclusivity of Croatian citizenship. Croatian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Cuba: Cuba does not allow or prohibits dual citizenship for cubans. The Government of Cuba does not recognize the U.S. nationality of U.S. citizens who are Cuban-born.


Cyprus: Cyprus allows dual citizenship to cypriots. Cypriot citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament. It is possible to become a citizen of cyprus by investing 2 million euros in Cyprus through property ownership or bank deposit.

Cyprus nationality law: http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/standardsetting/201967.pdf

Czech Republic: New laws in Czech republic does not restrict dual citizenships.  Czech nationals will be permitted to have dual and multiple nationality. A citizen of the Czech Republic, who acquires a foreign citizenship by applying for it, will not lose Czech citizenship. Czech citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Denmark: Dual/Multiple citizenship allowed for  Danish citizens. On December 18, 2014, Parliament passed a bill to allow Danish citizens to become foreign nationals without losing their Danish citizenship, and to allow foreign nationals to acquire Danish citizenship without renouncing their prior citizenship. Danish citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Djibouti: Djibouti accepts dual nationality.


Dominica: Dual citizenship is permitted in Commonwealth of Dominica. Note that it is possible to buy Dominic citizenship for $100,000 under its currently running investment citizenship program.


The Dominican Republic: Citizenship allows Dominicans to hold dual or double nationalities, especially with the US.



Ecuador: Ecuador, according to Articles 10 and 11 of the Political Constitution of 1998, accepts dual citizenship. Ecuadorian citizens who have acquired an alien citizenship, may keep ecuadorian citizenship. Children of ecuadorian citizens, born in United States of America, may have both ecuadorian and american citizenship, but their parents must register their birth at the corresponding consulate.


Egypt: Egyptian law allows its citizens to keep their foreign nationality


El Salvador: Dual citizenship permitted/allowed in El Salvador. All children born abroad must have registered their birth at the nearest consulate. El salvador citizens must enter and exit with their El Salvador passport.


Equatorial Guinea: Equatorial Guinea recognizes dual nationality, dual nationals are considered Equatorial Guinean citizens and are subject to Equatorial Guinean laws.


Eritrea: Dual citizenship not permitted. One is required to renounce previous nationality through marriage or by birth.


Estonia: Estonian citizenship is lost by taking up citizenship in another country (dual nationality prohibited). An Estonian citizen may not simultaneously hold the citizenship of any other country. Estonian citizenship is lost by accepting the citizenship of another country. A child may hold more than one citizenship if his or her parents have different citizenships. But upon reaching 18 years of age, a child must within three years give up either his or her Estonian citizenship or that of the other country.

Estonian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Ethiopia: Double nationality or dual citizenship is not recognized in Ethiopia’s new constitution (18 May 1995)



Fiji: Dual/multiple citizenships allowed in Fiji according to its Citizenship Decree 2009.


Finland: Finland allows dual citizenship of its citizens who have obtained foreign nationality after June 1, 2003.  Finnish national has acquired a foreign citizenship by naturalization prior to June 1st 2003, the person has probably lost his Finnish citizenship. A dual citizen loses his/her Finnish citizenship at the age of 22 if the ties with Finland have not been sufficiently close.

Finnish citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


France: French citizens are allowed to have dual citizenship. French nationality is not lost by becoming a citizens of another country. French citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.

French nationality law recognises the principle of multiple nationality; the conferral or acquisition of French nationality is never subject to renunciation of another nationality


Gabon: Dual citizenship forbidden.

Gambia: Dual citizenship is not recognized. Gambians lose citizenship of The Gambia by becoming a citizen of another country.


Georgia: Georgian legislation now allows dual citizenship after Georgian parliament proposed amendments in Sep 2018.


Germany: Germany recognizes the concept of dual nationality by birth. A person can become a German citizen through naturalisation process in Germany and renounce previous citizenship, unless legally impossible under the laws of the applicant’s home country.  A child born in Germany to non-German parents automatically acquires German citizenship at birth by jus soli, if parents lived 8 years or more or have held permanent residency.

German citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.



Ghana: Dual citizenship allowed. In accordance with the Citizenship Act of 2002 (Act 591),Ghanaians who have acquired US Citizenship, are eligible to apply for dual citizenship.


Greece: Greek law permits dual citizenship.

Greek citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament. Greece currently offers greek residency to all foreigners who buy a property in Greece for 250,000 euros.


Grenada: Grenadian law allows its citizens to hold dual citizenship. Grenada citizenship can also be obtained instantly under its investment citizenship program by paying $150,000 to Government.


Guatemala: Guatemala allows dual citizenship with other countries


Equatorial Guinea: Dual citizenship not recognized.


Guinea-Bissau:  Guinea Bissau Law of Lei No.6/2010 da nacionalidade  permits dual citizenship for its citizens.

Guyana: Dual citizenship is accepted (legal) through marriage



Haiti: Dual citizenship is allowed was legalised in Haiti in June 2012 law.


HondurasDual nationality is not permitted in Honduras, lost by naturalising in a foreign country. Exception: If treaty exists on dual nationality, Hondurans seeking to obtain foreign nationality shall not lose his Honduran citizenship.  


Hungary Dual citizenship is permitted under Hungarian foreign law.

Hungarian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.



Iceland: Dual citizenship permitted for icelandic citizens according to Act amending the Icelandic Citizenship Act, No. 100/1952 which came into effect in  July 2003.

Icelandic citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


India: India does not allow dual citizenship.  There is a misconception that PIO and OCI offer dual citizenship (this is completely wrong).  Indian citizens cannot travel with multiple passports, as per law they have to surrender indian passport upon acquiring foreign citizenship, and apply for OCI status (same privileges like indian passport but no right to vote). OCI can be converted to indian passport any time, upon surrendering foreign citizenship.


Indonesia: Dual citizenship not recognised in Indonesia. Indonesian citizenship is lost by taking foreign citizenship or staying outside country for 5 consecutive years.


Iran: Iran does not recognise dual nationality. Citizens of Iran are required to enter and leave Iran using Iranian travel documents.


Iraq: Iraqi citizens are allowed to hold dual citizenship, after 2006 amendments.


Ireland: Irish citizens can hold dual citizenships.

Irish citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Israel: Dual citizenship allowed for israeli nationals.


Italy: Dual citizenship allowed for italians.  As from 16 August 1992, Italian citizenship is no longer lost in concomitance with the acquisition of foreign citizenship. Minors do NOT lose Italian citizenship if one or both parents lose it or acquire foreign citizenship. Women married to foreign husbands after January 1st 1948 who automatically acquired foreign citizenship did NOT lose their Italian citizenship.

Italian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.



Jamaica: Jamaica accepts dual citizens who are nationals of more than two or more countries.


Japan: Dual citizenship is restricted. Japanese citizenship is lost by acquiring foreign citizenship (article 11).  A Japanese national having a foreign nationality shall choose either of the nationalities before he or she reaches 22 years of age if he or she has acquired both nationalities on and before the day when he or she reaches 20 years of age or, within two years after the day when he or she acquired the second nationality if he or she acquired such nationality after the day when he or she reached twenty years of age.


Jordan: Dual citizen permitted in Jordan, according to Article 17 of the Jordan nationality law.



Kazakhstan: The legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan does not allow dual citizenship. Acquisition of the citizenship of another country by citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan and having allowance for indefinite leave to remain abroad is registered as the loss of Kazakhstani citizenship by the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.


Kenya: Kenya allows dual citizenship. Kenyan citizens who acquires citizenship of any other country after 27th, August 2010 do not lose Kenyan citizenship. It is an offence to fail to declare dual citizenship under Section 8(4) of the Act. Every Kenyan who holds dual citizenship and is 18 years old and above is required by law to declare the other citizenship within three (3) months of becoming a dual citizen.


Kiribati: Dual citizen not allowed.


Kosovo: Dual citizenship allowed in Kosovo


Kuwait: Kuwait law bans dual citizenship


Kyrgyzstan: Dual citizenship allowed in the constitution.



Laos: Laos does not permit dual citizenship.


Latvia: Latvia allows holding dual citizenship with other countries.


Lebanon: Lebanon accepts the principle of dual citizenship. Acquiring another nationality does not result in losing the original Lebanese citizenship.


Lesotho: Dual citizenship not permitted. Any person who, upon the attainment of the age of 21,years, is a citizen of Lesotho and also a citizen of some country other than Lesotho shall cease to be a citizen of Lesotho


Liberia:  Nationality Law prohibits dual citizenship except in limited circumstances.

Libya: Libya does not permit dual citizenship for its citizens.


Liechtenstein: Dual citizenship is allowed, exceptions are naturalized citizens

Liechtenstein citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Lithuania: Dual citizenship possible, by satisfying certain conditions.

Lithuanian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Luxembourg: Law of October 23, 2008 allows luxembourg nationals to have dual citizenship.

Luxembourg citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.



Macedonia : Dual citizenship allowed. Law of Citizenship 1992, one may hold Macedonian citizenship and another citizenship from another state


Madagascar: Dual citizenship not permitted to adults. Allowed for women by marriage to foreign spouse

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Malawi: Dual citizenship not permitted


Malaysia: Malaysia does not allow dual citizenship. Article 24(1) of the Federal Constitution, the federal government could renounce the Malaysian citizenship of an individual who had acquired the citizenship of any other country.

Read More : http://www.nst.com.my/news/2016/05/143708/can-malaysians-have-dual-citizenship

Maldives: Dual citizenship  allowed.  One must surrender their foreign citizenship according to the law to be a citizen of maldives.


Mali: Mali allows dual citizenship

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Malta: Dual citizenship allowed. A citizen of Malta, as from 10th February 2000, can acquire and retain a foreign citizenship (or citizenships) together with his/her Maltese citizenship. Dual citizenship was introduced in Maltese citizenship legislation with effect from 1st August 1989. Maltese are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament. Malta citizenship can be obtained by any foreign national within 15 months by paying around 900,000 euros to the Malta Government (Malta individual investor program).


Marshall Islands: Dual citizenship not recognised for Marshallese citizens.


Mauritania: Dual citizenship not recognised. Exception: Dual citizenship permitted through marriage of women to foreign spouse.

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Mauritius: Mauritius allows dual citizenship only citizens by birth. It is possible to obtain citizenship in Mauritius by investing $500,000 and living 2 years.


Mexico: Dual citizenship permitted in Mexico.  All citizens enter and leave the country using Mexican passport, which is a proof for citizenship.


Micronesia: Article III, Section 3 of the Constitution, as well as 7 FSMC § 201, prohibit dual citizenship, stating that “A citizen of the Federated States of Micronesia who is recognized as a citizen of another nation shall, within 3 years of his 18th birthday, or within 3 years of the effective date of this Constitution, whichever is later, register his intent to remain a citizen of the Federated States and renounce his citizenship of another nation. If he fails to comply with this Section, he becomes a national of the Federated States of Micronesia.


Moldova: Multiple citizenship permitted in Moldova under conditions for children by birth, marriage, adoption under 2003 citizenship amendments. The law also states that acquisition by the citizen of the Republic of Moldova the citizenship of another state does not attract the loss of the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova.


Monaco: Dual nationality is forbidden under Monégasque law.

Monaco citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Mongolia: Dual citizenship not allowed in Mongolia. Acquiring citizenship in another country, leads to loss of mongolian citizenship.


Montenegro: Dual citizenship allowed. Articles 8 and 9 of Montenegro nationality law provide that persons applying for naturalisation in Montenegro must provide proof of having given up their previous citizenship. Article 18 provides exceptions from this general prohibition against multiple nationality in the case of a bilateral treaty between Montenegro and the other country of citizenship (eg. Serbia and Montenegro)


Morocco: Dual citizenship permitted in Morocco. A person having a dual nationality does not lose his Moroccan nationality. More details about citizenship in morocco here

Mozambique: Dual citizenship not permitted in Mozambique

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Myanmar (formerly Burma):  Dual citizenship is not permitted in Myanmar



Namibia: Dual citizenship permitted only citizens by birth. In other cases not permitted.

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Nauru: A Nauruan may hold the citizenship of one or more countries other than Nauru.

Nepal: Dual nationality is not permitted under Nepal law.


Netherlands: The Dutch government limits dual nationality, in such a way that dutch nationality is lost automatically by acquiring another citizenship

Dutch citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


New Zealand: New Zealand allows dual citizenship


Nicaragua: Nicaragua only recognizes dual citizenship with other Central American countries, and a few select others. It does not recognize duel citizenship with the United States.


Niger: Dual citizenship permitted only by marriage to spouse.

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Nigeria: Nigerian nationality law allows dual nationality of people of Nigerian descent either through birth or parentage.


North Korea: North Korea does not recognise dual nationality (forbidden)


Norway: Norway allows dual citizenship in certain cases. Not everyone is entitled to dual citizenship under Norwegian law, but some people can be. The Norwegian parliament has decided that in the future, dual citizenship will be allowed for everyone who is, or wish to become, a Norwegian citizen.  It will take at least one year until the new rules are introduced.  The new rules will most likely be introduced on 1 January 2020.

Norwegian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.



Oman: Omani nationality law prohibits dual citizenship.



Pakistan: Pakistan allows dual citizenship only with these 18 countries (United Kingdom, Egypt
France, Jordan,Italy,Syria,Belgium,Switzerland,Iceland,Netherland,Australia,United States of America,New Zealand,Sweden,Canada,Ireland,Finland,Bahrain)


Palau: Palauan citizens permitted to hold dual citizenship


Palestine: It is not clear whether Palestine allows dual citizenship.


Panama: Panama citizens by birth do not lose their citizenship by becoming a citizen of another country.  The Panamanian nationality law requires an oath of renunciation of former citizenship as a condition of naturalization however for US citizens taking oath, does not result in losing their US citizenship.


Papua New Guinea: Dual citizenship permitted according to recent bill.


Paraguay: Paraguay allows dual citizenship by birth (others must renounce)


Peru:  The 1993 constitution of Peru explicitly allows nationals of Latin American countries and Spain do not lose their nationality upon acquiring Peruvian citizenship. Multiple citizenships accepted by Peru.


Philippines: Dual Citizenship under Republic Act No. 9225 (RA 9225) applies only to constitutionally-defined natural-born Filipinos who lost their Filipino citizenship through naturalization or foreign citizenship.


Poland: Polish citizens may hold Polish citizenship and the citizenship of another country at the same time. Polish citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Portugal: Portugal allows dual citizenship. Portuguese citizens holding or acquiring a foreign citizenship do not lose their Portuguese citizenship. Becoming a Portuguese citizen,  requires no renouncement of their foreign citizenship.

Portugese citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament. Portugal currently offers golden visa residency to all foreigners who buy a property for 500,000 euros.



Qatar: Qatari law forbids dual citizenship.



Romania: Dual citizenship allowed. Law on Romanian Citizenship of 1991, Romanian citizens currently have the right to hold dual citizenship.

Romanian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Russia: Russia allows dual citizenship with prior permission/notification. Russian law requires Russian citizens to use Russian passports to enter and depart Russia. Dual citizens who plan to enter Russia using their Russian passports should make sure that their Russian passports will be valid for their entire stay in Russia. Russians holding dual citizenship are required by law to notify migration office within 60 days, according to recently enacted legislation.


Rwanda: Dual nationality not permitted in Rwanda



St Kitts and Nevis:  Dual citizenship permitted for citizens of St Kitts and Nevis.  It is possible to become citizen of St Kitts within 6 months by paying $250,000 to Government or buying a property above $400,000 under the currently running citizenship by investment program.


Saint Lucia:  Saint Lucia  recognizes dual citizenship with all countries since its independence in 1979. It is possible to  become a citizen of St Lucia within 3 months by paying $200,000 to the Government or buying a property above $200,000.


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Dual citizenship permitted. A person who is a citizen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines may also be a citizen of another country or other countries and thus hold dual or multiple citizenship; but such dual or multiple citizenship may be subject to such restrictions as may be stipulated by this Constitution as regards a person holding any specified office of State.


Samoa (Western Samoa) Dual citizenship allowed. Samoan citizenship may be obtained by birth, by descent, by residence or by marriage. Samoa was a territory of New Zealand before World war I.


San Marino: Dual citizenship not permitted in San Marino.


Sao Tome and Principe: Dual citizenship permitted only for citizens by birth. Other cases not permitted.

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Saudi Arabia: Dual citizenship not allowed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Citizenship for wife is not revoked if husband becomes a foreign citizen.


Scotland: Dual citizenship permitted as per immigration laws of United Kingdom that applies to Scotland.


Senegal: Dual citizenship permitted in Senegal for citizens by birth and by marriage of women to foreign spouse.

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Serbia: Dual citizenship permitted/allowed in Serbia. Citizenship is not lost by becoming a citizen of foreign state.


Seychelles: Dual citizenship not allowed with few exceptions. Act 11 of 2013 with effect from 2 December 2013 Part III states: Renunciation of citizenship:  A citizen, not being a child, who- is also a citizen of another country; or satisfies the Minister that the citizen will, after renouncing the citizenship of Seychelles, become a citizen of another country. A citizen who concurrently possesses the citizenship of another country shall, within 30 days after the citizen commences to concurrently possess that other citizenship, or, where the citizen is resident outside Seychelles at such commencement, within 30 days after the arrival next of the citizen in Seychelles, make a declaration to the Citizenship Officer in the prescribed manner of the name of that other country.


Sierra Leone: Dual citizenship is permitted

http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf (page 63)

Singapore: Singapore does not allow its citizens to hold dual nationality


Slovakia: Dual citizenship restricted in Slovakia. A citizen of the Slovak Republic automatically loses Slovak citizenship the day he explicitly manifested his will (i.e. by means of an application, declaration or other act leading to acquisition of a foreign citizenship) to voluntarily acquire a foreign citizenship.
A citizen of the Slovak Republic who acquires a foreign citizenship in such way is obliged to notify of this fact the District Office in the region according to his permanent residence in Slovakia, without delay. In case of not complying with this obligation you may face a fine of up to 3319 EUR. Loss of slovak citizenship is exempted if foreign citizenship obtained by birth or marriage.

Slovak citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Slovenia: Dual citizenship allowed in Slovenia, except for those who naturalise for citizenship in Slovenia.

Slovenian citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Solomon Islands: Dual nationality not permitted under the constitution. However, the Government has announced plans to introduce dual citizenship.


Somalia: Dual citizenship restricted in  Somalia although many somalis hold dual nationalities. The Government has proposed drafts to address the dual citizenship issue of somali nationals.


South Africa: Dual citizenship  allowed in south africa with prior permission. Since 2004, South African dual nationals may travel without hindrance as long as they enter and leave South Africa on their South African passports. Dual nationals may petition for temporary, emergency or “permanent” South African passports for this purpose.  However, a South African citizen who by a formal and voluntary act acquires the citizenship of another country, automatically loses his or her South African citizenship unless they apply for, and receive permission to retain their South African citizenship before acquiring the citizenship of the new country[1]. A naturalized citizen however cannot apply for such a retention under the law.


South Korea:  Dual citizenship legalised/allowed in South Korea as of 2010. Please see the links below


Spain: Dual citizenship generally allowed for all spanish nationals, provided they report within 3 years of acquiring foreign citizenship. Foreign nationals who acquire Spanish nationality must renounce their previous nationality, unless they are natural-born citizens of an Andorra, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea or Portugal

Spanish citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament. Spain currently offers golden visa (spanish residency leading to citizenship) to all foreigners who buy a property for 500,000 euros.


Sri Lanka: Sri lanka allows dual citizenship of its nationals under Section 19(3) retention of the citizenship act. Section 19(3) of the said Act makes provisions in respect of a person who is having a desire to obtain citizenship in another country, while intends to retain the citizenship of Sri Lanka.


Sudan: Dual citizenship permitted in Sudan


South Sudan: Dual citizenship allowed.


Suriname: A Surinamese citizen (except minor children) may lose his or her citizenship on the grounds of voluntary acquisition of a foreign citizenship under Article 11(2) and (4) WSI.


Swaziland: Dual citizenship permitted in Swaziland.


Sweden: Sweden permits dual citizenship.

Swedish citizens are also citizens of the European Union and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


Switzerland: Dual nationality is permissible under Swiss law. Swiss nationals may acquire foreign citizenship rights without forfeiting their rights as a Swiss citizen. Foreign nationals seeking to obtain Swiss citizenship should note that domestic legislation in their country of origin may require them to forfeit their previous citizenship rights.


Syria: Syria allows dual citizenship



Taiwan: Taiwani law allows dual citizenship. Article 9 of the ROC Nationality Act requires prospective naturalized citizens to first renounce their previous nationality


Tajikistan: Citizens of Tajikistan are permitted to hold dual citizenships.


Tanzania: Tanzania does not currently allow its citizens to hold foreign citizenship, except woman acquiring foreign nationality by marriage


Thailand: Dual citizenship allowed in Thailand. However, thai citizens holding other nationality can apply for e-passport.


Timor-Leste: Foreign citizenship not recognized in in East Timor. Under the nationality law section 29, Any other citizenship granted to an East Timorese national shall not be recognised nor shall it be effective in the internal legal framework.


Togo: Dual citizenship only permitted by marriage of women to foreign spouse.


Tonga: Tongans can hold dual citizenship under the new legislation.


Trinidad and Tobago:  Allowed. Trinidad and Tobago citizenship can be lost by way of voluntary acquisition of another citizenship (except for citizens by birth or descent) as defined in Section 11(1) of the Citizenship Act.  A citizen of Trinidad and Tobago by birth or by descent, who acquires citizenship of another country shall not lose his citizenship by reason only of such acquisition


Tunisia: Dual nationality is generally allowed in Tunisia


Turkey: Dual citizenship allowed – The simultaneous possession of two citizenships is not regulated in Turkey


Turkmenistan: Article 5. of the Turkmen Citizenship Law, Turkmenistan does not recognize multiple citizenships for its citizens.


Tuvalu: Dual citizenship is allowed in Tuvalu under the constitution.



Uganda: Dual citizenship allowed for uganda citizens. Citizens of Uganda above 18 years who voluntarily takes foreign citizenship can retain Ugandian citizenship under the nationality act.


Ukraine: Ukraine does not recognize dual nationality


United Arab Emirates (UAE): Emirati law does not permit dual citizenship to UAE nationals. UAE citizenship is lost by becoming a citizen of another country.


United Kingdom (UK): 

Dual citizenship  (dual nationality) is allowed in the UK.  British citizens can apply for foreign citizenship and keep your British citizenship. UK immigration laws also applies to Wales, Ireland, Scotland, Britain, Northern Ireland.

British  citizens will cease to be citizens of European Union because of brexit but they enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.


United States of America (USA): The US is very liberal to its citizens freely allows dual/multiple citizenships. A U.S. national may acquire foreign nationality by marriage, or a person naturalized as a U.S. national may not lose the nationality of the country of birth. U.S. law does not mention dual nationality or require a person to choose one nationality or another.


Uruguay: Uruguay allows double/triple citizenship.


Uzbekistan: Dual citizenship not permitted.  Article 10.  Non-recognition of Foreign Citizenship for Citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan.  Article 21. Forfeiture of Citizenship of the Republic of Uzbekistan  if a person, permanently residing abroad, is not registered with his consulate without valid reasons for five years;



Vanuatu: Dual citizenship is recognized  by subarticle 13(1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu.


Vatican City (Holy See) 

The 2011 law on citizenship does not address the issue of dual-citizenship. New cardinals are not required to relinquish their previous nationality, since the 2011 Vatican law only regulates their acquisition of Vatican nationality, but not the status of their prior nationality.


Venezuela: Double/Dual nationality permitted.  Dual nationality is permitted under Venezuelan law as of Article 34 of the Constitution of Venezuela. Venezuelans with dual nationality must enter and exit Venezuela with their Venezuelan passport.



Vietnam: Vietnam has amended its nationality law to legalise dual citizenship



Yemen: Yemen does not permit dual citizenship.



Zambia: Zambian new citizenship act, allows dual citizenship for its citizens. Zambian citizenship is retained and not lost upon taking citizenship in a foreign country.


Zimbabwe: Dual citizenship prohibited for adults above 18. Minors are allowed to hold dual or multiple citizenships until reach 18 years of age.



Dual Citizenship in Africa

List of african countries that permit or restrict dual citizenship. Please note this table is old and some countries have changed citizenship laws to allow dual citizenship. Please check with the foreign ministry of the country.

Source: http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf

Source: http://www.unhcr.org/4cbc60ce6.pdf


Please note: This list is constantly updated. Please comment below for any corrections.


Disclaimer: Dual citizenship laws change from time to time. Please contact the foreign ministry office or embassy in your country for specific legal advise. The information above may not be accurate at all times.